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About Mumbai

Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city. It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India.

The seven islands that came to constitute Mumbai were home to communities of fishing colonies of the Koli people. For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay. During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. Upon India’s independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital.

How to Reach Mumbai


The District Mumbai City  is situated on the West coast of India between 18˚ 52′ and 19˚ 04′ North latitudes and 72˚47′ and 72˚54′ East longitudes. It is surrounded on three sides by water, the open Arabian Sea to the West and South and Thane creek to the East. To the North it is bordered by Mumbai (Suburban) District.

By Airways

Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport, formerly known as Sahar International Airport, is the primary international airport serving the Mumbai Metropolitan Area. It is situated about 30 km  from CST Station.  Domestic Airport is in Vile Parle East. Mumbai Chhatrapati Shivaji has 2 terminals. Terminal 1 or Domestic Terminal used to be the old airport called Santacruz Airport, some locals are still using this name nowadays. Terminal 2 or International Terminal replaced the old terminal 2, formerly known as the Sahar Airport. The Santa Cruz Domestic Airport is about 4.5 kilometres from the international airport.

There are regular direct flights to Mumbai easily available from other airports. Buses and cabs are easily available from the airport to reach desired destinations.

By Railways

 Mumbai is very well connected to rest of India by trains. The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is the most popular station in Mumbai. Trains to Mumbai are available from all major railway stations in India. Some important Mumbai trains to note are the Mumbai Rajdhani, Mumbai Duronto, Konkan Kanya Express.   However, if you are coming from other central or suburban railway stations, then you can reach CST through local transport. Mumbai is well-connected by road that leads to all major cities in India.

The rail system is known as the backbone of the city transportation system.

By Road

By Bus:

Mumbai is well-connected with national highways and expressways . Mumbai visit by bus is the most economical for individual tourists. Government, as well as private buses, operate daily services to this route. Mumbai bus stand is situated at the centre of the city.

By Cab/Car:

Travelling to Mumbai by car is the common choice made by travellers. One can easily opt for Mumbai car rental for this trip. So Mumbai travel by cab is one of the efficient ways to explore the city. Travelling to Mumbai by road is most suitable for those cruising with friends and family.

Mumbai Tourism At A Glance

Mumbai is one of the fascinating destinations in India, thanks to its abundance of cultural and historical sites and strikingly modern high-rise buildings. The commercial capital of India is all about history, food, cinema, culture, nightlife, art and a lot more. If you are planning your next vacation to Mumbai, look at this list of the best places and hill stations near Mumbai. Keep reading!

What Are the Top Places to Visit in Mumbai?

Here are the most famous places in Mumbai that you can visit with your family and friends.

1. Gateway of India

gateway of india

This 85-foot-tall monument was built to honour King George the Fifth’s trip to Mumbai. The last British soldiers used the Gateway of India to leave India after its independence. The three architectural styles—Hindu, Islamic, and European Gothic—are expertly incorporated into one another. From here, you can take a ferry to the Elephanta Caves.

2. Elephanta Caves

elephanta caves

Elephanta Island, where the Elephanta caverns are located, is about a 40-minute ferry trip from the Gateway of India. One of the best places to visit near Mumbai is Elephanta Caves, which dates way back to 600 AD, and has been designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2004.

3. Marine Drive

marine drive

One of the best tourist places in Mumbai, this beach provides a fantastic sunset view. Marine Drive attracts tourists mainly because they may stroll along the sidewalk and enjoy refreshing wind there.

4. Victoria Terminus

victoria terminus

UNESCO designated this place as a World Heritage Site in 2004. The structure is an example of numerous architectural styles, including traditional Indian, Victorian, and Gothic styles. 

Although it is a terminus where trains arrive and depart, you cannot help but be in awe of the magnificent architecture of the structure.

5. Haji Ali Shrine

haji ali shrine

Haji Ali Shrine, which is situated in Worli, is an example of Indian Muslim architecture. The 85-foot-tall building is located on a plot of land that is 4500 meters long. The material used to build this Shrine is the same as the marble used to make the Taj Mahal.

6. Sanjay Gandhi National Park

sanjay gandhi national park

With around 2 million visits each year, Sanjay Gandhi National Park is Asia’s most famous national park. This area is a top tourist destination in Mumbai because of its diverse flora and fauna and the 2,400-year-old Kanheri caves.

7. Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya

chhatrapati shivaji maharaj vastu sangrahalaya

This museum contains about 50,000 artifacts and is organized into sections for art, archaeology, and natural history. Intriguingly, many of the objects in this collection also have foreign origins. Further, these artifacts may be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization, the Gupta Dynasty, the Mauryan Dynasty, and more.

8. Markets of Mumbai

markets of mumbai

Mumbai is a shopping paradise, especially for its flea markets and fashion-focused street stores. Colaba Causeway, Hill Road, Linking Road, and Fashion Street provide some excellent options at relatively reasonable prices for fashionistas. 

9. Global Vipassana Pagoda

global vipassana pagoda

A drug hall called the Global Vipassana Pagoda was created to represent peace and harmony. The sermons here aim to dispel misconceptions about Vipassana and Lord Buddha’s teachings.

10. Siddhivinayak Temple

siddhivinayak temple

One of Mumbai’s most notable and well-known temples is the Siddhivinayak Temple, a revered shrine devoted to Lord Ganesha, located in the Prabhadevi neighbourhood. 

The Shri Ganesha image, which is roughly 2.5 feet big and carved out of a single piece of black stone, is kept in a small sanctum of the temple. The temple has become well-known because of its popularity with movie stars and influential people in the industry. 

11. Basilica of Our Lady of the Mount

basilica of our lady of the mount

The Basilica of Our Lady of the Mount, also known as the Mount Mary Church by the locals, is one of the greatest examples of its sort and is built atop a hillock 262 feet above sea level. 

The church, which is situated on the outskirts of the energetic metropolis of Mumbai, has a breathtaking view of the vibrantly buzzing Arabian Sea and its lovely reflection in many shades of blue.

12. Flora Fountain

flora fountain

Around Flora Fountain are numerous other historic buildings, including the Central Telegraph Office, Bombay High Court, and the Gateway of India. If you visit the Flora Fountain, go there in the evening to view the fountain all lit up.

13. Dr Bhau Daji Lad Mumbai City Museum

dr bhau daji lad mumbai city museum

The Dr Bhau Daji Lad Mumbai City Museum, which was constructed in 1872, is Mumbai’s oldest museum. It was constructed in the Renaissance revival style, heavily influenced by Europe. Apart from that, various archaeological artefacts, old Bombay maps, manuscripts, and other items are on display here. 

14. Fort Bassein

fort bassein

The Portuguese constructed Fort Bassein to strengthen their position in the Konkan region. This magnificent building, which is now in ruins, took part in numerous conflicts, including the Anglo-Maratha War.

15. Juhu Beach

juhu beach

Juhu Beach is also one of the best beaches in Maharashtra. In addition to being a reptile zoo, Madras Crocodile Bank Trust conducts herpetology research and works to preserve species. These species include the marsh crocodile, gharial, and the endangered saltwater crocodile.

When exploring Mumbai, do not forget to enjoy the delicious local cuisine. You can also spot Bollywood celebrities while exploring Mumbai, so you might even get the chance to click a selfie with some.